What are Lozenges?
Lozenges are solid preparations that are intended to dissolve or disintegrate slowly in the mouth. They contain one or more medicaments usually in a flavored, sweetened base. Lozenges are most often used for localized effects in the mouth. They can also be used for systemic action as the drug is well absorbed through the buccal lining or is swallowed.
How many lozenges should be taken in a day?
For adults, children above 6 years it is advisable to dissolve 2 drops (one at a time) slowly in the mouth. Repeat every 2 hours if needed or as directed by a doctor and for children below 6 years of age it is advisable to consult doctor.
Why lozenges as a dosage?
Medicated confectionery/ herbal lozenges provides alternative Delivery for pediatric and geriatric patients.
Develop and manufacture new variation/composition which a customer requires. Products are across following categories:
- Ease of administration
- Local and systemic effect
- Increased contact time
- Can be easily withdrawn if not needed
- Better patient compliance
- Gives flavor and pleasant taste to mouth
- Sore Throat Lozenges
- Cough Drops
- Herbal Lozenges
- Herbal Candies / Herbal Sweets
What is sore throat?
Sore throat is one of the most common health complaints, particularly during the colder months of the year, when respiratory diseases are at their peak.
The raw, scratchy, burning feeling at the back of your throat is often the first warning sign that you have a cold, or that the flu is on the way. But it can also be the first symptom of more serious conditions, so you should watch how it develops.
Often you’ll have other symptoms like a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, cough, a mild fever, and fatigue.
Sore throat symptoms include pain, burning or scratching sensations at the back of the throat, pain when swallowing, and tenderness in the neck. Sore throat symptoms may be accompanied by: coughing, sneezing, fever and swollen lymph nodes
What causes sore throat?
There are several causes of a sore throat: Viral Infection, Bacterial Infection, Environmental Factors and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).
How to prevent sore throat?
There is no perfect way to prevent a sore throat but you can do certain things to reduce the risk of getting infected.
Such dosage forms are generally acceptable by both pediatric and geriatric patients. It gives a long lasting effect as it slowly dissolves in the oral cavity. The flavored lozenges are generally acceptable by children’s of all ages, as well as adults. It also acts as a mouth freshener and can be widely used by people who chew or smoke tobacco.
- Wash Your Hands
- Drink lots of water
- Choose foods that are soft and easy to swallow
- Rest is one of the most important things you can do to prevent sore throat
- Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers as an alternative to washing hands when soap and water aren't available
- Regularly clean telephones, TV remotes and computer keyboards with sanitizing cleanser.
Home remedies for sore throat
Regardless of the cause of your sore throat, these at-home care strategies can help you ease your symptoms:
- Gargle with warm salt water to help reduce swelling and relieve discomfort
- Prevent dehydration: Fluids may help thin secretions and soothe an irritated throat
- Hot fluids, such as tea or soup, may help decrease throat irritation
- Use a vaporizer or humidifier in your bedroom
- Use of teaspoon of honey
- Consider Herbal cough lozenges; honey blended lozenges or hard candies
- Avoid irritants: Keep your home free from cigarette smoke and cleaning products that can irritate the throat
- Ginger may ease a dry or asthmatic cough, as it has anti-inflammatory properties. It may also relieve nausea and pain
- Add a teaspoon each of turmeric powder and black pepper to boiling water. Also consider adding cinnamon and honey. Drink this daily until you see improvement
- A simple home remedy for treating cough is to cut onions and inhale its strong vapors. This can help treat the cough and clear the nasal passage
- Hot milk with honey is useful for treating dry cough and easing chest pain from continuous coughing. For optimum results, drink it before sleep. Separately have a teaspoon of plain honey on empty stomach to clear the mucus and soothe the throat